Are you a federal employee or military member who participates in the Thrift Savings Plan? Have you ever wondered if you can invest in recession-proof physical gold or silver bullion (and other investment-grade metals) with your TSP? Here, we’ll go in details over TSP accounts, their investment limitations in regards to precious metals, and how you can safeguard your retirement assets against economic calamity.
The United States government offers a unique type of defined contribution retirement plan to its employees and to members of the various branches of the armed services. Through the Federal Employees’ Retirement System Act of 1986 (FERS), Congress established the TSP as a 401(k)-style alternative to public workers. Technically speaking, the TSP forms one of the three parts of any FERS package, along with FERS annuities and Social Security.
Much like with a 401(k), employee participants in a TSP plan are able to defer money from their paychecks into a retirement investment account. There are even possibilities for match programs from the federal government. Once contributed, those assets are placed into the Thrift Savings Fund, which is managed by the Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board. There are five executive members of this board, each of which is directly appointed by the President of the United States.
Employees or military members who contribute to a TSP account have very limited investment options, although they can mix and match between each option as they see fit. The Thrift Savings Fund is made up of ten investment funds, and the six most significant are called the G, F, C, S, I and L funds. These funds are created with mutual fund portfolios organized based on varying levels of risk. You cannot hold individual securities through the TSP.
Retirement savers who leave their federal post are eligible to either keep their money with the TSP (though they may not make any further contributions) or roll over their investments into another qualified employer plan or an IRA.
If you have a TSP, you can perform a full withdrawal from your account once you leave federal service. Possible rollover destinations include an Individual Retirement Account (IRA), a 401(k) plan, or other select qualified plans. Here is an overview of some TSP rollover rules:
It is advised that you select the option to perform a “direct rollover” with your TSP funds. In a direct rollover, you never receive a check for your distribution; rather, your TSP plan provider will transfer the money directly into you new IRA plan.
Here is a table that illustrates how a TSP account compares to other similar retirement vehicles.
|Plan Type||Sponsorship||2019 Contribution Limit||Roth Option?||Allow Gold Stocks?||Allow Gold ETFs?||Allow Gold Bullion|
|401(k)||Private Employer||$19,000 / $25,000||Yes||Maybe||Maybe||No|
|Solo 401(k)||Self-employed||$19,000 / $25,000||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Keogh Plan||Self-employed or Unincorporated Employer||$56,000||No||Maybe||Maybe||No|
|403(b)||Government or Non-profit Employer||$19,000 / $25,000||Yes||Maybe||Maybe||No|
|457(b)||Government or Tax-exempt Employer||$19,000 / $25,000||Yes||Maybe||Maybe||No|
|SIMPLE IRA||Private Employer||$13,000 / $16,000||Yes||Yes||Yes||Maybe|
|SEP IRA||Business Owners & Self-employed||$56,000||Yes||Yes||Yes||Maybe|
|Profit Sharing Plan||Private Employer||$56,000||No||Maybe||No||No|
|Money Purchase Plan||Private Employer||$56,000||No||Maybe||Maybe||No|
|SARSEP||Private Employer||$19,000 / $25,000||No||Yes||Yes||Maybe|
|Traditional IRA||Individual||$6,000 / $7,500||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Precious Metals IRA||Individual||$6,000 / $7,500||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Thrift Savings Plan (TSP)||Government or Military||$19,000 / $25,000||Yes||No||No||No|
(“Maybe” indicates that gold investment options are at the discretion of the plan provider. For instance, some TSPs offer gold mutual funds or ETFs, while others do not.)
TSP accounts are limited to investing in the ten separate TSP funds only. Some of these funds directly track individual market indexes, while the others are called “lifecycle funds” that are made up of stock/bond splits that change as the investor ages. If you choose to not actively manage your account, 100% of your money will be placed towards the “G” fund.
In short, this means that you cannot invest in physical gold bullion (or any other precious metal) through a TSP Plan. In fact, you cannot even directly purchase the stocks or mutual fund shares that hold stocks of gold mining companies (buying “paper gold”). Among possible retirement account options, TSPs are among the most restrictive and provide the least exposure to precious metals.
So-called ‘paper gold’ stocks are the shares of companies that mine, produce and explore for gold. There are literally hundreds of gold stocks to choose from, and the larger companies are listed on major gold stock indices like the Gold Miners Index (GDX) or the BUGS Index (HUI).
Gold stocks tend to be more risky than owning physical gold. This is because, historically, gold stocks will appreciate very quickly as the spot price of gold rises; if the price of gold falls, gold stocks tend to fall much faster.
Gold stocks are also exposed to additional kinds of risk. Some examples:
The value of physical gold has never hit zero and has retained value for thousands of years. In terms of staying power, physical gold wins hands down.
If you have left your federal post, consider rolling over some or part of your TSP funds into special kind of retirement account called a “self-directed IRA.” The advantage of rolling over your TSP Plan assets into a self-directed IRA is that you are able to control the designation of your retirement funds and open up new tax-free investments – like precious metals.
In an employer-funded retirement plan, such as a TSP, your investment options are more limited than with a precious metals IRA. Not only are your choices limited in the Thrift Savings Plan, but even decisions about when to change your portfolio are restricted. In terms of flexibility, the self-directed IRA wins hands down.
Gold investments are simple, safe way to diversify your retirement portfolio. Gold (along with other investment metals like silver, platinum and palladium) will help protect your assets against stock market volatility and inflation.
Not only is gold a great hedge, but gold offers plenty of growth potential; in fact, many investors purchase gold for its growth prospects alone, and many analysts predict gold to continue to see gains in the future.
The total amount of precious metals in your retirement portfolio will depend on your own risk tolerance and retirement horizon. One of the best ways to set up a diversified retirement portfolio – and receive tax benefits on your precious metals investments – is to open a self-directed IRA.
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